On 30 November 1938, Foreign Minister Galeazzo Ciano addressed the Chamber of Deputies on the "natural aspirations of the Italian people" and was met with shouts of "Nice! This line had been designed to deter a German invasion across the Franco-German border and funnel an attack into Belgium, which could then be met by the best divisions of the French Army. On 21 June, the French battleship Lorraine, accompanied by the British cruisers HMS Orion and HMS Neptune, the Australian cruiser HMAS Sydney, and a further four British destroyers, opened fire on the port of Bardia in Italian Libya.
[k] Graziani's adjutant, General Mario Roatta, remained in Rome to transmit the orders of Mussolini—restrained somewhat by Marshal Badoglio—to the front. All the Cagliari battalions coalesced around a chapel outside Bramans, and, after eliminating the French field fortifications with artillery fire, they took the city by the end of the first day. It was supposed to synchronise its attack on the flank of Modane with the arrival of the central column.  Rather, the pact was designed for a "joint war against France and Britain", although the Italian hierarchy held the understanding that such a war would not take place for several years. For the fighting later in World War II, see, The phrase "prisoner in the Mediterranean" had been used in parliament as early as 30 March 1925, by the naval minister Admiral.  Balkan and Mediterranean hegemony was predicated by ancient Roman dominance in the same regions.  The Armée des Alpes had 86 sections d'éclaireurs-skieurs (SES), platoons of 35 to 40 men. The actual Italian occupation zone was no more than what had been occupied up to the armistice. . French Navy: 78 surface ship, in addition to six torpedo boats, and 40 submarines based in the Mediterranean. The desperate defenders sent a fire-ship down from the inner roads, which compelled Elizabeth to cut her cable and warp out of danger.. , On 19 June, General Roatta wrote to Army Group West that "it might be that there are French troops in the fortifications, but it is probable that the mobile troops, situated in the rear, are already in retreat. He began by claiming that the freedom of a country is proportional to the strength of its navy. , With France in the process of being overrun by Germany, the naval offensive envisioned by the allies was not undertaken. A British squadron under the command of Admiral Charles Knowles attacked and destroyed a large French fort under command of French governor Étienne Cochard de Chastenoye.  The entire force withdrew as planned and arrived back in port before midday on 14 June. Súčasný most je už siedmy v poradí na tomto mieste. The French, in order to prevent retaliatory Italian raids, blocked the runways and prevented the Wellingtons from taking off.  French engineers destroyed the transportation and communication links across the border with Italy using fifty-three tons of explosives. As the Calatafimi moved into position, it was spotted by French destroyers and engaged. In orders to his troops on 18 June, General Paolo Micheletti of the 1st Alpine Division Taurinense advised that "a strong resistance cannot be anticipated, owing to the shaken [French] morale.
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