Ethnocentrism is the idea that one’s own culture is superior to others. Rob is preparing a speech on the D-day invasion during World War II. Which of the following is discussed in your textbook as one of the six major guidelines for effective informative speaking?
Here are some specific purpose statements that reflect ways of narrowing a few of those topics: These specific purposes reflect a narrow, but interesting, approach to each topic. It is not always easy to discern a clear line between informative and persuasive speech. 'C' cannot be the answer as this represents indifference or lack of interest. You could say, “In 1941, the Bay area had a vibrant and productive community of Japanese American citizens who went to work every day, opening their shops, typing reports in their offices, and teaching in their classrooms, just as they had been doing for years.
In a speech about an event, you may use a chronological orderTime order; the order in which events take place., but if you choose to do so, you can’t include every detail.
Here are a few ways to narrow the purpose: There are many ways to approach any of these and other topics, but again, you must emphasize an important dimension of the event. This means that what was a good topic for a speech for Teddy Roosevelt is probably no longer going to be a good topic for a speech given now. The Iditarod Trail was long, rugged, and under siege of severe weather. Making your speech memorable is a way to improve its ability to inform the audience.
Display confidence in yourself with a strong stride and good posture. Though there are many ways to make an informative speech memorable, another way is to let yourself be engaged in the presentation of the speech. CC licensed content, Specific attribution, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Individual_events_(speech)%23Informative, http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/informative, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Erik_M%C3%B6ller;_WikiProjects_page_visual_redesign,_'The_purpose-driven_social_network_-_Supporting_WikiProjects_with_technology'_presentation;_Wikimania_2012.JPG.JPG, http://jtenglish.wikispaces.com/Informative+Speaking, http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/description, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Agrigento1_(js).jpg, http://burns-speech.wikispaces.com/Informative+Speaking, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Short_lecture_.JPG. Concrete words help your audience understand precisely what you mean. Informative speeches can cover many subjects as long as they can be discussed without persuading or altering the perceptions of the audience. | Incorporating famous pictures or clips from works is a way of increasing the audience’s retention of the information about the particular person. A new pedagogy for explanatory public speaking: Why arrangement should not substitute for invention. An event can be something that occurred only once, or an event that is repeated: Again, we find that any of these topics must be carefully narrowed in order to build a coherent speech. The topics may be general, such as a sport, or highly specific, like a particular person.
Avoid personal words such as “I,” “we,” “you,” and “our.” c. Relate the topic directly to the audience. Identify concrete terms with which to replace the following abstractions: motivational, development, fair, natural, and dangerous. CC licensed content, Specific attribution, http://brookfieldhs-lmc.wikispaces.com/Public+Speaking+Informative++Speech, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goal#/media/File:Millennium_Development_Goals,_UN_Headquarters,_New_York_City,_New_York_-_20080501.jpg, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prewriting%23Narrowing_the_topic, http://www.boundless.com//communications/definition/scope--2, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aims..JPG, http://publicspeaking.wikidot.com/informative-speaking, http://jtenglish.wikispaces.com/Informative+Speaking, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:MobileHCI_2008_Audience.jpg, http://burns-speech.wikispaces.com/Informative+Speaking, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Individual_events_(speech)%23Informative, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Roosevelt_on_the_Stump,_1912.JPG, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transition_(linguistics), http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Rhetoric_and_Composition/Punctuation, http://www.boundless.com//communications/definition/signpost, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Switchboard_Staff,_1979.jpg, http://ia600607.us.archive.org/7/items/languageinaction00inhaya/languageinaction00inhaya.pdf, http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Professional_and_Technical_Writing/Rhetoric/Author/Style%23Selecting_Words, http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/abstraction, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pommon-leiter2.jpg, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Conference_clapping.jpg, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visual_aid%23Visual_Aids, http://www.flickr.com/photos/re-publica/5618191851/sizes/z/in/photostream/.
With audiences who understand the abstractions, the technical meanings can communicate messages economically with fewer words than if you started with specific instances at the bottom of the abstraction ladder. For example, you might saynow get this, this is really important, or now remember this when you want to signpost the attention of the audience.
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